This is a cover from Liberty Magazine published on April 29, 1944. The cover is quite shocking and depicts Japanese soldiers in a very derogatory manner. Perched on top of a tree limb within the jungle sit three Japanese soldiers (two privates and one decorated officer…who resembles Japan’s General and Prime Minister Hideki Tojo) with bombs falling in the background. Their hands and feet in this artistic rendering feature ape like features, exaggerated teeth, and posed in the famed speak no evil, see no evil, and hear no evil pose. The history of the “three wise monkey” idiom, in a twist of fate is tied to a Chinese Buddhist and Confucian proverb that spread to Japan by the 17th Century. To provide context for this image, strategic bombing of Japan started two months later in June of 1944 and would last until the end of the war. The illustrator Edgar Franklin Wittmack, a veteran of World War I, earned an artistic reputation for illustrating pulp magazines throughout the 1920s and later before the war his artwork graced the covers of popular scientific magazines. The magazine itself was the brainchild of a former publisher from the Chicago Tribune. This pulp publication had a fairly long shelf life lasting from 1924-1950 with a circulation of over 3 million subscribers. The main article associated with the cover is entitled How We Can Win But Still Lose in the Orient. The article written by Filipino Colonel Carlos P. Romulo, who after the war served as the President of the United Nations General Assembly. The language in the article consistently refers to the Japanese as “Japs,” with the sole purpose to dismantle Japanese war propaganda. This article is important because it reveals the lack of effectiveness for Japanese propaganda throughout Asia. The tone of the piece also conveys a link with popular views and stereotypes about the Japanese held by many Americans. Anti-Japanese sentiment was not exclusively an American design, people from many other nationalities also supported similar rhetoric. Perhaps, a rhetoric that prevented American audiences from targeting all people of Asian descent.